When it comes to cooking and baking, there are many different types of flour to choose from. One such flour that has gained a reputation for being particularly special is t45 flour. This soft wheat flour is perfect for making biscuits and is favored by the top French pastry chefs. The reason for this is that it allows delicate pastries to be made to perfection.

In France, flour is classified with the letter “T” followed by two numbers, and t45 flour is a prime example of this. The numbers used range from 45 to 170 and represent the quality of the flour. The lower the number, the whiter and lighter the flour will be, which is why it is an ideal choice for fine pastry and confectionery. So, let’s explore more about t45 flour and its uses.


Characteristics of T45 Flour

T45 flour is a pure French-style flour that is perfect for creating high-quality cakes and sweets. Its fine texture and white color make it a favorite of top pastry chefs. What’s more, the texture of this flour is light and has a very low mineral content, making it ideal for delicate baked goods.

In fact, t45 flour is the lowest and whitest flour currently available on the market. After being burned, only about 45 grams of mineral content remain in it, leaving no part of the bran. It is characterized as a type of Italian double zero (00) flour, known for its fine texture and excellent performance in baked goods.

One of the key benefits of this type of flour is its ability to absorb more liquid than coarser flours. This results in a smoother, more tender texture in baked goods, making it the perfect choice for delicate pastries, cakes, and biscuits that require a fine crumb and tender texture. Moreover, it produces less gluten when mixed, which helps prevent tough, chewy textures in delicate pastries and cakes.

However, due to its lower protein content compared to all-purpose flour, t45 flour may not provide enough structure for bread doughs to rise properly. Additionally, the lower protein content may lead to baked goods that are more fragile and prone to crumbling.


Uses for T45 Flour

T45 flour is a versatile ingredient that can be used in a wide range of baked goods. Its fine texture and low protein content make it an ideal choice for creating delicate, tender pastries and cakes.

Cakes are a popular preparation made with T45 flour. Its fine texture and low protein content produce cakes with a tender crumb and delicate texture. Some popular cakes made with it include sponge cakes, angel food cakes, chiffon cakes, and genoise cakes.

It is also commonly used in pastries such as croissants, puff pastries, and Danish pastries. Its low protein content prevents the formation of too much gluten, which can cause the pastry to become tough and chewy. Instead, T45 flour helps to create a flaky, tender texture in pastries.

Biscuits are another popular use for this type of flour, both sweet and savory. The low protein content helps prevent the biscuits from becoming tough, while the fine texture helps to create a light, tender crumb. Some popular types of biscuits made with this flour include shortbread, scones, and tea biscuits.

Pancakes and waffles can also be made using this flour. Its fine texture and low protein content create a light, fluffy texture in these breakfast favorites.

If you’re looking to try out T45 flour in your baking, here are some of the best recipes to use with this flour:


  1. French macarons: These delicate, almond-based cookies require a very fine flour to achieve their smooth texture. This flour is commonly used in French macaron recipes to create a light, airy cookie.
  2. Croissants: Croissants are made from laminated dough that requires low-protein flour to maintain a flaky, tender texture. T45 flour is commonly used in croissant recipes to achieve the desired texture.
  3. Pâte à choux: This versatile dough is used to make a variety of pastries including cream puffs, éclairs, and profiteroles. The dough relies on steam to puff up, and this flour is used to ensure a tender, delicate pastry.
  4. Genoise cake: This classic French cake is light and fluffy with a delicate crumb. This type of flour is a crucial ingredient in a genoise cake recipe, as it helps create the delicate texture that is characteristic of this cake.


Health Benefits of T45 Flour

T45 flour not only adds flavor and texture to baked goods but also offers some nutritional benefits. It is a good source of important minerals, such as iron, zinc, and selenium. Additionally, it contains B vitamins, including thiamine and riboflavin, which are essential for energy metabolism and maintaining healthy skin, eyes, and nervous systems.

Another benefit of T45 flour is its low protein content, which produces less gluten when mixed. This can be beneficial for people with gluten sensitivities or celiac disease. However, it’s essential to note that T45 flour is not gluten-free and should not be used as a substitute for gluten-free flour in recipes.

While T45 flour is not generally considered a “healthy” flour, it can be a useful substitute for all-purpose flour in some recipes that require fine-textured, low-protein flour. For example, in recipes that call for low-protein flour, such as in a delicate cake or pastry, this flour can be a good substitute.

It’s worth noting that T45 flour should be used in moderation as part of a balanced diet. While it does offer some nutritional benefits, it is still a refined flour that should be consumed in moderation. Nevertheless, using it in moderation in place of all-purpose flour can be a healthy choice for those with gluten sensitivities or those looking for a change in texture in their baked goods.


Where to Find T45 Flour

If you’re interested in using this flour in your baking, there are a few places where you can find it:

  1. Specialty food stores: You may be able to find T45 flour in the baking aisle of specialty food stores that specialize in European or French foods. Check with your local gourmet food store to see if they carry it.
  2. Online retailers: Many online retailers sell T45 flour, including specialty baking supply stores and general retailers like Amazon. Some popular online retailers for T45 flour include King Arthur Flour, The Frenchy Bee, and Gourmet Food Store.

When purchasing any flour, it’s important to check the expiration date and make sure the flour is fresh. It’s also important to store the flour in an airtight container in a cool, dry place to maintain its quality. With a little effort, you can easily find this flour and begin incorporating it into your baking repertoire.



In conclusion, T45 flour is a special type of soft wheat flour that is perfect for creating delicate and delicious baked goods. With its fine texture, low protein content, and ability to absorb more liquid than coarser flours, T45 flour is a favorite of top pastry chefs and bakers around the world. Additionally, it provides some important nutritional benefits and can be a healthy substitute for all-purpose flour in some recipes.

With T45 flour in your pantry, you’ll be able to create beautiful and delectable pastries, cakes, biscuits, and more. So, why not try it out and take your baking skills to the next level?

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I’m Camila Pasquino Marketing graduate from Buenos Aires, Argentina. I am a food content writer because I really love and appreciate food. I love to cook both sweet and savory recipes. I'm also passionate about specialty coffee, ice cream, and pizza. I have a lot of fun and enjoy cooking the new recipes I learn for my friends and family, because I feel that food is perfect for bonding and having a great time.